Ancient Greek hairstyles changed as ancient Greece changed, reflecting the experiences and aspirations of its inhabitants. Hairstyles signed something about the wearer's age, taste and place of origin, but not much about his or her social class (except slaves, whose hair was usually short). In their private lives, atheists, according to the demosthenes, were "difficult and simple", without any great difference between how the highest and lowest citizens dressed, lived or ate. In Sparta, men and women often walked about naked or with their chitons (draping white garments) opened at the sides; The word "spartan" means an inference to luxury, which was widespread in ancient Greece.
The Greek ideal for beauty was the same for men as for women: young people, detailed muscles and naturally colored cheeks. In ancient art, men and women are drawn almost exactly the same, except for their coffins (when exposed). , where they would exercise, wrestle and talk to other men in the nude.
Blond hair was considered attractive, and both men and women bleached hair with potash water, as well as dried it in the sun to achieve a blunt effect.
Makeup was used, but frosted by some as pretentious; Many women used white lead to lighten their faces, and possibly red pigment for redness and charcoal as eye shadow. The Hetera, ancient Greek corresponds to geisha or courtesan, sometimes worn makeup.
This androgyny led to a smoothness in the hairstyle. Men and women wore hair in long curls; It is unclear whether their hair was naturally curly, or if they curled it with forceps or similar tools. In a famous passage from Homer, Athena makes Odysseus hair flow down from the head into "hyacinthic curls". We can here deduce that these curls were natural, at least for any of the indigenous population.
Women's position in ancient Greece was shockingly low. Married women were isolated in their homes, not even allowed to hang out with other women, let alone other men. This can explain the relative indifference to luxury in ancient Greek society.
Women wore their hair long and in curls, sometimes braided, sometimes with sixties draped over their shoulders. After Persia's defeat, 449 BC Oriental styles were larger less popular and women began to squeeze their hair into a knot or a bun in the neck, sometimes with a band or a net wound around their heads. Shawls and diadems were also available.
During grief, women lower their hair short.
Men grow their hair far. A boy cut his hair short (about chin or jaw) when he came to young people and stayed with a short haircut until he got older and more prominent.
The beard was also a mark of difference and virility. Most young men became clean shaven, which was then a sign of effect. However, it was not uncommon to shave the upper lip. It was only when Alexander the Great ordered his soldiers to be clean shaven that the beard lost some of its greatness; It was still a mark of a philosopher or a sage.
There were several popular ancient Greek hairstyles, which were used by both men and women: Krobylon was a task of hair that was gathered, knotted and pinched over the forehead; Kepos, a bowl cut used for young people and slaves; Theseid was a kind of prototype mullet who were short and long in the back; The Hectorean was combed back to the lid.
Garlands and diadems were used by excellent Greek leaders, including Alexander the Great and eminent statesmen. A wreath was typically placed on a large man at his funeral.